A catalytic converter is a device that chemically converts harmful engine exhaust emissions into carbon dioxide and water. In a catalytic converter, the catalyst (in the form of platinum and palladium) is coated onto a ceramic honeycomb or ceramic beads that are housed in a muffler-like package attached to the exhaust pipe. The catalyst helps to convert carbon monoxide into carbon dioxide. It converts the hydrocarbons into carbon dioxide and water. It also converts the nitrogen oxides back into nitrogen and oxygen. The converter was developed in the 1960’s to meet stringent new emission legislation, initially in America, followed by the rest of the world. Since 1975 all vehicle manufacturers have used catalytic converters, and other emission control devices, to meet the required reduced emission levels.
Oxygen sensors are designed to monitor the amount of oxygen that's in your car's exhaust stream, as a marker of efficiency and to confirm the catalytic converters function properly. They sense whether your engine is running an air/fuel mixture that is too rich or too lean by burning a portion of the oxygen as it comes through the exhaust system. That reading is then turned into a voltage signal that is sent back to the engine control computer, which then adjusts fuel metering and timing to maintain an optimum mixture. This is something that's constantly changing, according to engine load (i.e. hills), acceleration, engine temperature and warm-up period, and other factors
Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices. Used electronics which are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling, or disposal are also considered e-waste.
metallic foil catalysts, high-strength, heat resistant corrugated foil is wound into a cylindrical shape. The cylinder is then wrapped with a layer of non-corrugated foil that is brazed to the cylinder to hold the cylindrical shape. The foil structure is then coated with our proprietary NANO catalytic wash coat. Our high-tech NANO wash coat enables us to meet OBD II requirements* despite larger cell size and reduced surface area. The resulting structure has 200 cells per square inch compared to 400 cells per square inch for a typical OE converter. The fewer, larger cells provide much less back pressure and better flow resulting in better horsepower and torque.
The metal foil catalyst withstands extreme pressures and vibration that can crumble ceramic catalysts, and has no Interam™ matting to blow out under pressure from turbo charged and high horsepower engines.
The ceramic body of a catalyst (monolith) honeycomb contains thinly walled channels, coated typically with platinum, palladium, and rhodium which provide the catalytic effect in the exhaust gas stream. Whether whole ceramic converters, semi-crushed monolith, or ground monolith - high-precision processing is standard at PALLADIUM RECYCLING